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特品特印刷设备有限公司

Tamprinter printing machinery group

 
 
 

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three main types of printing plate materials  

2014-03-16 12:15:34|  分类: 技术 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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·         Pad plate is importance in the pad printing system .

·         As we know , the pad  Image plates are used to contain the desired artwork "image" etched in its surface. Their function is to hold ink in this etched cavity, allowing the pad to pick up this ink as a film in the shape of the artwork, which is then transferred to the substrate.

·        
There are three main types of printing plate materials: photopolymer and steel. Photopolymer plates are the most popular, providing a good do-it-yourself option. These are typically used in short to medium production runs. Steel plates come in two choices: thin steel for medium to long runs, and thick steel for very long runs. Both steel plate types are generally processed by the plate supplier as it involves the use of specialized  equipment.
A: photopolymer  plate.  in EURO ,America ,the person use the  photopolymer  plate . photopolymer  plate thickness is  about 0.52mm. it is can use for ink well( open ink tray ) and sealed ink cup ink supply system .

·         B: Thickness steel plate in ASIA ,the person use the Thickness steel plate a most person use  . the thickness  steel plate. The   price is  low and use life is longer.  Thickness steel plate  Size is 3×4  4×44×64×8 inchThickness is 10mm. Thickness steel plate a most suit for ink well ( open tray ) ink supply system . 

·         C: Thin steel plate In ASIA,EURO, some person also use Thin steel plate . thin steel plate thickness is 0.25 mm ,0.3mm,0.5mm. size is 100*200, 100*250.100*300mm

·          

·         There are two main techniques used to create a printing plate. The traditional technique requires a UV exposure unit and involves photo exposure with film positives and chemical etching of a photopolymer plate. A second technique known as "computer to plate" requires a laser engraver and involves laser etching of a specialized polymer plate. The latter technique, is convenient for short run printing, however it does have several disadvantages over the former.
Laser
plate making is a process that requires the use of a very soft, low quality polymer coated plate. Thus, the standard cycle life that can be expected out of a laser etched plate is quite low (10,000 impressions on the high end). By comparison, a hardened steel plate can easily last for over 1 million impressions.
steady and safe in operation and durability. was easy to disassemble and maintain
The
following introduce how to make the steel plate : Making pad plate is first step to begin know pad printing technology. and pad plate item :

A : Thick steel plate
Opening  ink dish with the thick steel plate. Include size 3″*4″,;4 ″*4″,4″ *6″,4″*8″*4″″all thickness is 10 mm.
B : thiner stel plate
the other ite mpad printer with Sealed  ink  cup use thin steel plate . include size 100*215mm ,100*260mm. 100*280mm. Thickness is 0.25mm, 0.3mm, 0.5mm, 1.0mm.
The thick steel plate and thin steel plate process as same .it is only different process the Etch time of thin steel plate than the thick steel plate
Output film
: Output film according to computer document provided by customer with laser output machine. You also ask expert output center to make film for you, most of pad film is positive. 

 Coating emulsion chemistry products :
a: Washing clean the steel plate with depurative.
b:Coating FUJI emulsion on the steel plate by hand. or dipping coating machine or spraying coating machine. .
note : some supply already coating emulsion with the steel plate
Drying:
put the steel plate with emulsion into drying closet  at the temperature of 150 for 5-15 minute..
 Precision etching and half-tone drawing must be use spraying etching machine. Pad plate put into etching machine and is adsorbed by magnet installed on the frame within PVC etching box. Setting etching time and start etching machine till the machine stop automatically

Blowing: Take compress air gun to blow pad plate and confirm having no remain etching liquid.

 Measure depth: Standard depth is about 19-23 um. Fact depth must be according to customer request. More long etching time and deeper. Measure fact depth with depth measure meter.

TECH OF   ETCHED PAD  STEEL PLATE
Once washed out, the plate must be dried. This is a simple process. Equipment costs are likely to be in the region of S$3000, the majority of this being the exposure unit and a drying oven.

There are custom-made units available that can cost a little more than this. As long as you make sure the plate-making area is clean, there is no reason why high quality plates should not be produced using this type of equipment.

These photopolymer plates will last up to 20,000 cycles, although care is required in setting the machine.

Thick steel (10mm) etched plates are preferred when runs are likely to be as high as 500,000 upwards. Once the image has been exposed and washed out, the metal itself has to be etched with ferric chloride or hydrochloric acid. Both of these materials are very aggressive and need careful handling, and the thick steel has to be coated with the steel plates.

An alternative is to use thin steel plates which can be purchased with the photosensitive coating already applied. These still require the use of an aggressive etching medium but the fact that they are pre-coated with the photosensitive emulsion makes processing a more practical proposition for printers. In terms of quality of print,

the plastic photopolymers give the best results, followed by thick steel, and finally thin steel. From the point of view of using the plates in production, the thick steel is by far and away the best followed by thin steel and finally plastic photopolymer. The differences in print quality will only be seen if you are doing highly critical work.

The depth and quality of etch is very important. Normally the depth would be 25 microns. For large areas the depth may increase to 30 microns. It is only in a very specialised applications that it would be any greater than this. The etch depth must be consistent across the plate and there must be no irregularities in the bottom of the etch.

The image printed will only be as good as the etch. Some steel plates are made of inferior quality steel with a poor crystalline structure. Flaws in the steel will show as a poor etch and consequently a faulty print.

There are three main types of etched pad plate:
1. Thick steel Plate, amost thick steel thickness  has 10 mm.
2. Thin steel plate ,thin steel plate thickness has0.25; 0.3,0.5mm
3. Plastic photopolymer


In all cases the image is created photographically. A photopositive is first produced. This must read correctly with the emulsion towards the viewer. Steel plates are coated with a photosensitive coating and the plastic is already photosensitive. The photopositive is then placed on the surface of the plate. The plates with the photosensitive attached are exposed to ultra violet light. This hardens the non-image areas, leaving the image areas to be washed away. In the case of the plastic polymers, either water or a mix of water and alcohol are used.

 

  .  Package:  Removing emulsion on the pad plate by clean solvent Clean it
clothes then spraying anti- rustiness and put into PA plastics bag. Pad plate has been finished!Etching by hand
Taking one brush dipped with etching liquid and brushing the hidden image 3-5 times so that hidden image completely display. Some factory have no etching machine, please continue taking brush to brush for 30-50 seconds. Because etching operation only by hand, correct depth of pad plate only by experience. 

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